Three new studies published simultaneously in JAMA Psychiatry investigate mental health issues within the Army. The studies look at mental disorders among non-deployed soldiers, suicidal behavior among soldiers and predictors of suicide among soldiers.The new studies were conducted by members of the Army Study to Assess Risk and Resilience in Servicemembers (Army STARRS) initiative. Army STARRS was launched in 2009 to address the Army's concern over the rising suicide rate among soldiers.
Researchers who studied a group of motivated physician-academics have uncovered gender differences in the amount of time spent on parenting and household tasks, suggesting a reason for why female academic physicians overall do not have the same career success as their male counterparts.The researchers, led by Dr. Reshma Jagsi of the University of Michigan Health System, have published their results in the journal Annals of Internal Medicine.
Radiation therapy is one of the main treatments for cancer, and one of the most common side effects of the treatment is fatigue. But new research from the University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center suggests that for breast cancer patients undergoing radiation therapy, yoga may combat this side effect by regulating stress hormones, improving quality of life beyond treatment.The research team, led by Prof. Lorenzo Cohen, recently published the study findings in the Journal of Clinical Oncology.Yoga is an ancient exercise that originated in India around 5,000 years ago.
New research from the US suggests an individual's particular mix of gut microbes may help the development of colorectal cancer tumors by interacting with genes and inflammatory responses.Colorectal cancer happens because healthy cells in the gut start to behave oddly following changes or mutations in their genes. These changes cause the cells to become progressively cancerous, forming polyps that can eventually become malignant tumors.
Harvard researchers who analyzed decades of evidence on links between anger and cardiovascular events, concluded that in the 2 hours following an outburst of anger, there is a higher risk of heart attack, stroke or other cardiovascular event.The systematic review and meta-analysis - thought to be the first to examine links between anger and cardiovascular outcomes - is published in the European Heart Journal.First author Dr.
Using technologies and computational modeling that trace the destiny of single cells, researchers at the University of California, San Diego School of Medicine describe for the first time the earliest stages of fate determination among white blood cells called T lymphocytes, providing new insights that may help drug developers create more effective, longer-lasting vaccines against microbial pathogens or cancer.The findings are published in the March 2, 2014 online issue of Nature Immunology.
Most people who abuse prescription opioid drugs get them for free from a friend or relative - but those at highest risk of overdose are as likely to get them from a doctor's prescription, CDC researchers reported in a research letter, "Sources of Prescription Opioid Pain Relievers by Frequency of Past-Year Nonmedical Use: United States, 2008-2011," in the Journal of the American Medical Association Internal Medicine (JAMA Internal Medicine). This finding underscores the need for prevention efforts that focus on physicians' prescribing behaviors and patients at highest risk for overdose.
A blood test accurately screened for infection with the agent responsible for variant Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (vCJD), a fatal neurological disease.vCJD is a fatal degenerative brain disorder thought to be caused by a misfolded protein (prion) in the brain and contracted most commonly through eating infected beef. Up to 3 million cattle in the United Kingdom may have been infected with BSE (bovine spongiform encephalopathy), and establishing accurate prevalence estimates through screening for vCJD infection would guide public health initiatives.
The EU-funded EuroHeart (European Heart Health Strategy) II Project came to an end on February 28th after three years of research into current cardiovascular disease (CVD) trends and analysis of EU-wide CVD prevention policies. Developed and implemented by the European Heart Network (EHN) together with 29 partner organisations from 17 countries, including academia, research centres, NGOs and health professionals - namely the European Society of Cardiology (ESC) - the project identified best practices and policy initiatives for the promotion of cardiovascular health in Europe.
New Phase III data demonstrate tiotropium Respimat® improves lung function versus placebo and is well tolerated in asthma patients
Boehringer Ingelheim has announced new data from large scale, Phase III studies showing that once-daily tiotropium delivered via the Respimat® Soft Mist™ Inhaler improved lung function and was well tolerated in patients with varying degrees of asthma severity.1 These data were presented at the American Academy of Allergy, Asthma & Immunology (AAAAI) 2014 annual meeting in San Diego. The first results from the Phase III GraziaTinA-asthma® study demonstrated that tiotropium Respimat® 5 mcg and 2.
Increasing the intake of fatty fish increases the number of large HDL particles, according to a recent study completed at the University of Eastern Finland. People who increased their intake of fish to a minimum of 3-4 weekly meals had more large HDL particles in their blood than people who are less frequent eaters of fish. Large HDL particles are believed to protect against cardiovascular diseases. The results were published in PLOS ONE.
Cancer is the second most common cause of death in Switzerland. There are many reasons why in the era of cutting-edge medicine it is still difficult to cure this disease. A tumour may, for instance, consist of different tumour cell subpopulations, each of which has its own profile and responds differently to therapy - or not. Furthermore, the cancer cells and the healthy cells in the body interact and communicate with one another. How a tumour then actually develops and whether metastases form depends on which signals a tumour cell receives from its environment.
World-class orchestras can be accurately identified by silent video footage of performances, but not through sound recordings, a UCL study has found.Both professional musicians and musical novices are better at identifying top-ranked orchestras from non-ranked orchestras when shown silent video footage, suggesting that such judgements are driven at least in part by visual cues about group dynamics and leadership.
Exercising during pregnancy reduces excessive weight gain and the possibility of suffering from associated illnesses
Excessive weight gain during pregnancy increases the risk of suffering illnesses such as hypertension and gestational diabetes, or of having a premature birth or a birth by Caesarean; furthermore, it also has negative effects on the newly-born and increases the risk of infants being overweight by 30%.
While it may be easy to put workplace harassment down to personality conflicts, in reality workplace harassment is most often a product of the workplace itself, not the people in it.This is the finding of research by University of South Australia (UniSA) researcher Dr Michelle Tuckey that was published in the British Psychological Society's Journal of Occupational and Organizational Psychology.According to Dr Tuckey more research needs to be done into the role organisations play in workplace harassment, in order to address a critical issue with widespread social and economic impacts.
Constipation can be another uncomfortable problem for patients with Parkinson's disease that standard treatment won't relieve, researchers say. "Constipation in Parkinson's is very prevalent," said Dr. John C. Morgan, neurologist at the Medical College of Georgia at Georgia Regents University and Director of the National Parkinson's Foundation Center of Excellence at Georgia Regents Medical Center.
When students repeat a grade, it can spell trouble for their classmates, according to a new Duke University-led study of nearly 80,000 middle-schoolers.In schools with high numbers of grade repeaters , suspensions were more likely to occur across the school community. Discipline problems were also more common among other students, including substance abuse, fighting and classroom disruption.Public debate typically focuses on how retention affects an individual student's academic performance, said lead author Clara Muschkin.
A new study of Gulf War veterans found an association between poor sleep quality and reduced gray matter volume in the brain's frontal lobe, which helps control important processes such as working memory and executive function."Previous imaging studies have suggested that sleep disturbances may be associated with structural brain changes in certain regions of the frontal lobe," said lead author Linda Chao, associate adjunct professor in the Departments of Radiology and Biomedical Imaging and Psychiatry at the University of California, San Francisco.
Children who suffer from frequent nightmares or bouts of night terrors may be at an increased risk of psychotic experiences in adolescence, according to new research from the University of Warwick.The study, published in the journal SLEEP, shows that children reporting frequent nightmares before the age of 12 were three and a half times more likely to suffer from psychotic experiences in early adolescence. Similarly, experiencing night terrors doubled the risk of such problems, including hallucinations, interrupted thoughts or delusions.
An asthma drug accelerates the process of desensitizing patients with food allergies to several foods at the same time, a new study by researchers at the Stanford University School of Medicine and Lucile Packard Children's Hospital Stanford shows.The findings come on the heels of a recent study by the same team showing that people with multiple food allergies can be desensitized to several foods at once. The two studies, both phase-1 safety trials, provide the first scientific evidence that a promising new method for treating people for multiple food allergies works.