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Updated: 2 weeks 2 days ago
The United States Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) found insufficient evidence to recommend routine screening for cognitive decline in older adults in the primary care setting. Dementia affects up to 5.5 million Americans and its prevalence increases with age. Mild cognitive impairment (MCI) is a decline in cognitive function that is not severe enough to interfere with independence in daily life. Early detection of MCI may help patients and their caregivers make both short- and long-term diagnostic and treatment decisions.
New research from Karolinska Institutet and Umeå University in Sweden demonstrates for the first time that there is a close relationship between body perception and the ability to remember. For us to be able to store new memories from our lives, we need to feel that we are in our own body. According to researchers, the results could be of major importance in understanding the memory problems that psychiatric patients often exhibit.The memories of what happened on the first day of school are an example of an episodic memory.
New research led by the Institute of Cancer Research in the UK has discovered that a gene mutation associated with leukemia may be the cause of a newly described condition that affects the growth and intellectual development of children.This is according to a study recently published in the journal Nature Genetics.To reach their findings, the research team analyzed the genomes of 152 children with overgrowth disorders and their parents, alongside 1,000 controls from the UK population.
Critics of free birth control programs have previously suggested that giving women free contraception will encourage them to engage in more risky sexual behavior. But a new study published in the journal Obstetrics and Gynecology finds that this is not the case.The researchers, from Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis, MO, say their findings show that providing women with free birth control does not increase the likelihood that they will have sex with multiple partners.They used data from the Contraceptive CHOICE Project, which followed 9,256 women in St.
A new breakthrough in stem cell research has occurred, thanks to scientists at the Children's Medical Center Research Institute at UT Southwestern Medical Center in Dallas, Texas. The researchers claim that protein synthesis - an essential biological process - can be studied in adult stem cells. This is something that scientists have been previously unable to accomplish.It is believed that many degenerative diseases and some cancers are linked with mutations that affect the process of protein synthesis. But experts have been unable to pinpoint why this happens.
"Develop low cost, secure and interoperability solutions to advance medical diagnosis, treatment, and patient care through application of wireless communications, mobile computing, cloud, big data and sensing technologies"In recent years, IT applications in China's medical industry have gained momentum. IT enabled medical market in China is booming, which provides tremendous business opportunities. The medical industry in China is experiencing a vigorous period of advances in IT. National policies are also in place for an IT enabled medical industry.
A new study by the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) finds that most cases of the severe - and potentially fatal - diarrhea illness in children caused by Clostridium difficile infection picked up outside of the hospital occur among those who have recently taken prescribed antibiotics.The CDC urges doctors to improve antibiotic prescribing to protect the health of American children.CDC Director Dr. Tom Frieden says:"When antibiotics are prescribed incorrectly, our children are needlessly put at risk for health problems including C.
Researchers have developed a new blood test that can predict with 90% accuracy whether a healthy person will develop Alzheimer's or cognitive decline within 3 years. They report how they identified and validated the 10 biomarkers that form the basis of the test in a study published in Nature Medicine.Study leader Howard J.
As shown in a study carried out by researchers at 13 research centres in Asturias, Gipuzkoa, Sabadell and Valencia, over half of non-smoking pregnant women, 55%, are passive smokers.These women are under the effect of tobacco smoke to a considerable extent because a member of the household, their partner in particular, smokes at home. The result of the study has been published in the journal Science of the Total Environment.
A new clinical study has found that erlotinib, a targeted antitumor agent, has promising potential to improve treatment for cervical cancer. Published early online in Cancer, a peer-reviewed journal of the American Cancer Society, the results indicate that larger trials are warranted to determine whether the drug should become part of standard therapy for women with the disease.Nearly half a million new cases of cervical cancer are reported worldwide each year, making it the third most common cancer among females.
The Health and Human Services Office of Inspector General (OIG) recently reported that 32% of Medicare beneficiaries who went to skilled nursing facilities (SNFs) and spent an average of 15.5 days in the SNF in August 2011 experienced an adverse event or other harm (Adverse Events in Skilled Nursing Facilities: National Incidence Among Medicare Beneficiaries, OEI-06-11-00370 (Feb. 2014)).
Research physicians at UCLA's Jonsson Comprehensive Cancer Center have begun a clinical trial on a new device that promises to reduce hair loss of patients receiving chemotherapy for breast cancer. The apparatus, called the DigniCap® System, works by cooling the patient's scalp. The clinical trial will be led at UCLA by Dr. Sara Hurvitz, assistant clinical professor of hematology/oncology and director of the breast cancer program.Often the emotional strain of a breast cancer diagnosis is made worse by the effects of the chemotherapy needed to treat the disease.
New indication for Xolair approved by the European Commission for treatment in chronic spontaneous urticaria patients
Novartis has announced that the European Commission (EC) has approved the use of Xolair® as an add-on therapy for the treatment of chronic spontaneous urticaria (CSU) in adult and adolescent (12 years and above) patients, who do not respond to the current mainstay of therapy, H1 antihistamines. The approved dose in CSU is 300 mg administered by subcutaneous injection once every four weeks. Prescribers are advised to periodically reassess the need for continued therapy. Clinical trial experience of treatment beyond six months in this indication is limited.
A combination of a silicon implant, which releases a drug, and treadmill rehabilitation shows promise for treating complete spinal injuries in rats. The results, published in the open access journal Molecular Brain, suggest that the combination worked better than the drug alone. The scientists were investigating the clinical applications of a semaphorin3A inhibitor to treat severed spinal cords in rats.
Mutations in a gene associated with leukaemia cause a newly described condition that affects growth and intellectual development in children, new research reports.A study led by scientists at The Institute of Cancer Research, London, identified mutations in the DNA methyltransferase gene, DNMT3A, in 13 children.All the children were taller than usual for their age, shared similar facial features and had intellectual disabilities. The mutations were not present in their parents, nor in 1,000 controls from the UK population.
World first op gives new hope to heart failure patients - mitral heart valve replacement on a beating heart
Patients too ill to survive lifesaving open heart surgery have been given a lifeline as doctors at St Thomas' Hospital have used new technology to complete a mitral heart valve replacement on a beating heart for the first time in the world. The heart team at St Thomas' performed three transcatheter mitral heart valve implants in February and early March. This is an operation carried out under general anaesthetic in which the heart's damaged mitral valve is replaced with an artificial valve.
Social media is gaining ground as an important tool to improve the clinical research process through more effective engagement of patient communities, but drug sponsors are proceeding cautiously, according to an analysis recently completed by the Tufts Center for the Study of Drug Development.
Twenty-one healthcare organizations join GPhA calling on FDA to reconsider proposed generic labeling rule
In anticipation of the March 13th deadline for comments on the FDA proposed rule on prescription generic drug labeling, today 21 health industry groups submitted a new letter to the FDA, raising concerns about the proposed regulation."Groups from every part of the healthcare supply chain agree that the Proposed Rule raises serious questions about patient safety, cost and access. That is why pharmacists, chain drug stores, distributors , pharmacy benefit managers, suppliers, healthcare advocacy groups, and others are joining us and saying, 'we can do better,'"said Ralph G.
During ovarian cancer awareness month, analysis from global independent analyst firm, Datamonitor Healthcare, has revealed that just 25% of ovarian cancer cases are diagnosed in Stage I despite it being the fourth most common cancer among women. Patients diagnosed during early-stages of the disease have a 75-80% chance of recurrence-free survival over the next five years, as a high percentage of these cases can be treated by surgery alone.
Reelin, a crucial protein for adult brain plasticity, recovers cognitive functions in mice with Alzheimer's disease. This is one of the main results of an article published in the journal Nature Communications, co-led by Eduardo Soriano, professor from the Department of Cell Biology at the University of Barcelona (UB) and member of the Centre for Networked Biomedical Research on Neurodegenerative Diseases (CIBERNED), and researcher Lluís Pujadas (UB and CIBERNED). The study is part of the PhD thesis developed by Daniela Rossi, co-author of the article together with Lluís Pujadas.